History is the key to understanding the nature of the architectural and historical environment as a material space, identifying the regional problems of its development. The study of history allows us to distinguish periods whose events left a special layer of cultural heritage on the territory of the Samara region, and periods during which the historical environment itself was formed and changed.
The Samara Volga region historically represented the “frontier” of two worlds that went along the Volga - nomadic and settled. The boundary position of the historical and cultural region from the point of a clash of Islamic and Christian traditions is noted by G.N. Aidarova. This territory at different times passed from one state to another. So, in the 9th – 15th centuries it belonged to the Volga Bulgaria, in the middle of the 13th - the middle of the 15th century - Golden Horde, in the middle of the 15th - the middle of the 16th century - to the Kazan Khanate, from the middle of the 16th century - to Russia.